Author: Nicola Duell with the contribution of Tim Vetter and Truc Nguyen

Publisher: European Network of Public Employment Services, European Commission

Year: 2022

Language: English

The study reviews the responses of Public Employment Services to the COVID-19 pandemic, during the various phases of the crisis and the period of economic recovery from the crisis, up to the end of 2021. It seeks to map measures that were put in place to tackle the immediate effects of the pandemic and to prepare for a post-COVID-19 labour market. The study also aims to provide an initial assessment of the effects of measures and strategies implemented so far: (i) on labour market outcomes and (ii) on the internal organisation of PES and their service delivery models.

Meanwhile the Russian invasion of Ukraine has engendered new serious challenges on PES, mainly related to giving labour market access to refugees, which is not the topic of this study. The current crisis is also affecting the economy of EU Member States to different degrees, depending on their economic structure and global value chains. To tackle these challenges job retention schemes, discussed in this paper, may be a relevant measure.

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